When flexible fibers are twisted together turn into rope. These fibers are now bundled and have increased tensile strength. The length of the rope is up to us. The rope has its history back to prehistoric times when the man was learning survival. He started using rope for hunting, lifting, climbing, carrying loads. These days also it has been an integral part of man’s life. From household works to the technical or heavy duty works, the rope has been used by man.
In present times, the rope is made by rope making machines though, in villages, it has been made by hands by natural fibers. The new synthetic material is used when the rope is made by industrial machines. Rope contributes mostly to fishing and Maritime industries.
By machines, three steps are involved to make rope. First, the yarn is made by twisting fibers together, in the next step yarn is twisted to form strands and finally, these strands are again twisted to form a rope. Different types of ropes are made using the different forms of twisting. The most common rope is three-strand twisted rope.
So, rope making is basically a process that involves forming fibers into yarn, then yarn into strands and these strands into rope.
For different works different quality of rope is used depending upon the tensile strength. Quality control basically involves checking the raw material and visual inspection. When ropes are made for high-risk applications, they are closely inspected and tested.
The future of rope making
New advancements in the materials are the base for the improvements in rope making. Industrialists are trying for various configurations of ropes. They are trying to reduce the diameter of the rope yet maintaining the tensile strength of the rope. New techniques, light fibers, and research will definitely improve ropemaking.